Arto is a cartoonist from Hong Kong who won Best Political Cartoon in the 2016 E-Citizen Awards, organised by the civic groups Hong Kong In-Media (inmediahk.net) and the Culture and Media Education Foundation to promote original reporting, political cartoons, video documentary and photography online.
Arto started participating in local protest movements in 2010 when Hong Kong’s Legislative Council passed a budget for the construction of the Rapid Railway connecting China’s Shenzhen to Hong Kong. He said:
Previously a graphic designer, he only started drawing online in 2011. At first he drew for fun; he published his first set, titled “Golden Creature Card,” on the popular platform Golden Forum. From there, he became an online celebrity. Later, his work became more political:
But it is very difficult to develop a career as a political cartoonist in Hong Kong. Sometimes, his clients ask him not to use the name Arto on jobs because the name is too political.
In 2016, as he was collecting his online work into a book, the publisher asked him to remove some politically sensitive content. At first, the publisher referred to a drawing related to Chinese President Xi Jinping and the Chinese Communist Party as sensitive.
Then they wanted him to remove content that carried China’s national flag and the flag of Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China, arguing that the works might violate the National Flag and National Emblem Ordinance and the Regional Flag and Regional Emblem Ordinance.
According to the two ordinances, anyone who desecrates the flags and emblems by publicly and wilfully burning, mutilating, scrawling on, defiling or trampling on them risks a fine of HK$50,000 (approximately US$6,000) and three years in prison.
He then contacted another small publisher and all the works were printed without issue. He criticiced the practice of self-censorship that is currently common in Hong Kong as pathetic:
With the space for political cartoons in printed media is shrinking, Arto releases his works mainly online. His award-winning cartoon, “After the reinterpretation of the Basic Law,” was first published on his Facebook account with thousands of likes and shares.
He drew the cartoon after China’s Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress exercised its unrestrained power to interpret Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, known as the Basic Law, in November 2016.
That “reinterpretation” was in response to two Hong Kong lawmakers who altered the wording of their oaths to pledge allegiance to “the Hong Kong nation” instead of Hong Kong as a special administrative region of of the People’s Republic of China.
The Standing Committee, China’s top legislative body, said politicians who do not correctly swear the oath will be barred from office, preempting a local court’s ruling on whether the two independent lawmakers should be disqualified for their actions. The move was criticised by many as hampering Hong Kong’s autonomy.
Arto could only express his anger and sense of helplessness over the situation through drawing. The result was a cartoon featuring the statue of Themis, which is a symbol of justice erected outside the old Hong Kong Legislative Council and currently at the Court of Final Appeal, draped by China’s national flag.
The weight of a hammer and sickle, the symbol of the Chinese Communist Party, tips the scale that she holds.
Arto attached the following comment to his work:
Arto believes that political cartoons can stimulate people to think deeper on complicated politics:
Social media has helped him in his creative journey:
The interview with Arto was conducted by Betty Lau, which was originally published in two parts in Chinese with InMedia on December 17, 2016 and January 23, 2017. The English article originally appeared on Global Voices.