Hong Kong Politics & Protest

Homeowners overcharged for estate maintenance as obscure Link Reit deal with Hong Kong gov’t revealed

Homeowners in some subsidised housing estates could have paid millions of dollars more in maintenance fees than is required under a little known agreement between the government and management firm Link Reit.

Documents obtained through a Code of Access to Information request reveal that Link Reit, which owns shopping centres and car parks in Hong Kong’s subsidised estates, should – in part – pay for maintenance and repairs to common areas in 23 Home Ownership Scheme (HOS) estates.

link reit

Link Reit still owns retail and car-parking facilities in 16 of the 23 HOS estates covered by the split ratio covenant. Photo: Factwire.

However, a FactWire investigation has found that the cost-sharing arrangement is in fact only followed in three estates. In one case, homeowners paid HK$10m more than they should for a repair project.

The issue centres on a so-called split ratio covenant buried in the 300-page sale and purchase agreement signed by Link Reit and the Housing Authority when the government divested its ownership of 180 retail and car park properties to the listed real estate investment trust between 2004 and 2005.

factwire link reit property gov't

The split ratio covenant obliges the owner of the estate’s retail and car-parking facilities to contribute to the costs of ‘the management, repair, maintenance, renewal and replacement’ of common areas and facilities in 23 Home Ownership Scheme (HOS) estates according to specific ‘split ratios’. (Source: Agreement for sale and purchase of properties between the Housing Authority and The Link Properties, November 2004). Photo: Factwire.

The agreement, now made public for the first time, obliges Link Reit, as the owner of the estate’s retail and car-parking facilities, to contribute to the costs of ‘the management, repair, maintenance, renewal and replacement’ of common areas and facilities in 23 HOS estates according to specific ‘split ratios’, with contributions ranging from 6 to 49.2 per cent.

factwire link reit property gov't

The details of the cost-sharing arrangements in King Lai Court, Lok Nga Court and Tin Wang Court. (Source: Supplemental agreement to the agreement for sale and purchase of properties between the Housing Authority and The Link Properties, September 2005. Photo: Factwire.

However, this cost-sharing arrangement only applies when it is demanded by the manager or the owners corporation of an estate, and is only enforceable by the Housing Authority, meaning that homeowners unaware of the clause may overpay in repair works.

factwire link reit property gov't

The details of the cost-sharing arrangements in Ching Wah Court, Ka Tin Court, San Wai Court, Po Nga Court, Tong Ming Court, Wo Ming Court. (Source: Supplemental agreement to the agreement for sale and purchase of properties between the Housing Authority and The Link Properties, September 2005). Photo: Factwire.

Inquiries by FactWire suggest that only three of the 23 HOS estates covered by the split ratio covenant, including Ching Wah Court in Ching Yi, Yin Lai Court in Mei Foo and San Wai Court in Tuen Mun, have adopted the arrangement, plus another three where it is used for some communal facilities.

factwire link reit property gov't

The details of the cost-sharing arrangements in Tin Ma Court, Yin Lai Court, Kam Ying Court, Siu Hei and Ming Nga Court. (Source: Supplemental agreement to the agreement for sale and purchase of properties between the Housing Authority and The Link Properties, September 2005). Photo: Factwire.

There are as many as 11 estates where Link Reit, or whomever the retail and car-parking facilities were sold on to, is not paying its fair share of maintenance costs according to the covenant.

factwire link reit property gov't

Current allocation of maintenance costs in 23 HOS estates. Photo: Factwire.

In Sui Wo Court in Sha Tin, homeowners were asked to pay 96 per cent of the cost of a HK$23m water pipe replacement work in 2013, after the owners corporations of the estate agreed to a proposal to share the cost based on ‘water usage’.

factwire link reit property gov't

The 23 HOS estates covered by split ratios in sharing of the cost of maintenance of common
areas. Source: Agreement for sale and purchase of properties between the Housing Authority and The Link Properties, November 2004. Photo: FactWire graphics.

This is despite the split ratio covenant clearly stating that Link Reit should be responsible for paying 49.2 per cent of the costs of maintaining and repairing the estate’s common area, with the remaining 50.8 per cent divided between homeowners.

Homeowners were in the end hit by a bill of HK$22m, whereas Link Reit and the Housing Authority only contributed HK$820,000 and HK$120,000 respectively.

Civic Party lawmaker Alvin Yeung Ngok-kiu said it was unfair to homeowners in Sui Wo Court, who had to pay HK$10m more in maintenance fees by calculating the contribution of each party based on water usage instead of the existing cost-sharing agreement.

alvin yeung

Civic Party lawmaker Alvin Yeung Ngok-kiu said it was unfair to homeowners in Sui Wo Court, who had to pay $10m more in maintenance fees by calculating the cost based on water usage instead of the existing cost-sharing agreement. Photo: Factwire.

Link Reit said the repair work was led by the owners corporation of Sui Wo Court, which was consulted by an independent consultant hired by homeowners. It added that the method of apportioning costs was calculated by the consultant and approved in a general meeting of the owners corporation.

housing authority

The Housing Authority did not answer specific questions about its role in monitoring Link Reit and enforcing the split-ratio covenant, only confirming that the cost-sharing arrangement still applies to the maintenance of common areas in 23 HOS estates. Photo: Factwire.

The list of estates covered by the split ratio covenant also includes Tin Ma Court in Wong Tai Sin, where owner of the car park should share 29.5 per cent of the costs of maintaining the estate’s common road.

factwire link reit property gov't

The list of estates covered by the split ratio covenant also includes Tin Ma Court in Wong Tai Sin. Photo: Factwire.

However, according to the chairperson of the estate’s owners corporation, the new owner Excelskill, who bought the car park from Link Reit in 2016, has stopped paying its share of the salary of a cleaner responsible for that road, for which both Link Reit and, previously, the Housing Authority used to pay.

Excelskill’s Hong Kong-listed parent company Vantage International did not respond to FactWire’s request for comment.

Sui Wo Court, Sha Tin.

Sui Wo Court, Sha Tin. Photo: Factwire.

Duncan Ho Dik-hong, a barrister and a member of the Progressive Lawyers Group, said: ‘The split ratio covenant, as a part of the sale and purchase agreement between the Housing Authority and Link Reit, is a legally binding document that both parties must respect.”

He added, in the case of Sui Wo Court, any method of apportioning costs agreed by an owners corporation not knowing the existence of the a favourable cost-sharing arrangement may be invalid, although that again would require the intervention of the Housing Authority.

Although the agreement states that it should be enforced by the Housing Authority, homeowners are still entitled to recover the losses according to article 26 of the Conveyance and Property Ordinance.

duncan ho dik-hong

Duncan Ho Dik-hong, barrister and a member of the Progressive Lawyers Group, said, in the case of Sui Wo Court, any method of apportioning costs agreed by the owners corporation not knowing the existence of the more favourable covenant may be invalid, although that again would require the intervention of the Housing Authority. Photo: Factwire.

But records seen by FactWire indicate that the authority has done very little to enforce the terms of the existing agreement or inform homeowners about it.

The owners corporation of Sui Wo Court became aware of it in 2016 when Link Reit sold the estate’s shopping centre and car park to a subsidiary of the property developer Emperor International, which was then asked by homeowners to honour the arrangement.

siu wo court sha tin

According to the split ratio covenant, the owner of estate’s shopping centre and car park has the highest contribution ratio in Sui Wo Court in Sha Tin. Photo: Factwire.

But the Housing Authority, as the legal enforcer of the split ratio covenant, did not respond to a request by Emperor International and the owners corporation to participate in their discussion, one resident said.

factwire link reit property gov't

In Sui Wo Court in Sha Tin, homeowners were asked to pay 96 per cent of the cost of a $23m water pipe replacement work in 2013, after the owners’ corporations of the estate agreed to a proposal to share the cost based on ‘water usage’, despite only with a slip ratio of 50.8 per cent. Photo: Factwire.

FactWire also found evidence that the Housing Authority did not pay its share of the cost of maintaining some communal facilities before the government divested its assets to Link Reit.

For example in the early 2000’s, when the authority was handing over the management of the residential blocks in Sui Wo Court to the newly-established owners corporation, a government housing manager once said in an owners meeting that it would adopt the existing split ratio in sharing the costs of maintaining slopes in the entire estate.

factwire link reit property gov't

In 2013, It cost $23m to replace underground pipes that supplied water to residential blocks, shopping centre and schools in Sui Wo Court. Photo: Factwire.

But the authority reneged on the promise two years later by refusing to be responsible for seven hill slopes that lie in the residential part of the estate.

The Housing Authority did not answer specific questions about its role in monitoring Link Reit and enforcing the split ratio covenant. It only confirmed that the cost-sharing arrangement still applies to the maintenance of common areas in 23 HOS estates.

factwire link reit property gov't

The owner of Tin Ma Court’s car park should share 29.5 per cent of the costs of maintaining the estate’s common road. Photo: Factwire.

According to a Legislative Council document released in 2005, the split ratios for individual estates are normally set out in the respective deeds of mutual covenant.

For 23 cases where a different ratio has been adopted in practice, Link Reit at that time agreed to follow the same ratios after the divestment.

Homeowners overcharged for estate maintenance as obscure Link Reit deal with Hong Kong gov't revealed